What fish can be grown in a pond
It’s nice to fish a big fish. But in heavily overgrown pond is unlikely to survive such pond fish as carp, carp, etc. Of relatively large life in such conditions will survive Golden carp, tench and snakehead. Fish “for contemplation” is a koi or goldfish – in a kelp forest you will not see them. Only small unpretentious fish – Rudd, the rotan, veriplace, etc. – there will be quite comfortable.
To calculate how many fish you can run into a pond, simple. The rule is that each fish the length of a finger requires at least 50 litres of water.
Another method is based on the ratio of the surface area of the reservoir and length of the fish’s body. So, the fish is 5 cm long requires 0.2 square meter of surface area of the reservoir. For growing major types of norms other: here on the one fish you need to leave a 2.5 square meter surface of the reservoir.
Easiest way to populate the pond gobies-by Rotana . By the way, for those fish pumps and other expensive equipment is not required. In length of Rotana can reach 25 centimeters, although their size usually does not exceed 8-10 cm. Rotan is extremely unpretentious, often demonstriruyut fantastic survivability. He can dwell in different bodies, even those where there is almost no oxygen and the water is dirty so that the other fish do not survive there. Rotana amazingly resilient, can versati in the ice in the winter, revive in the spring. However, they can be seen only by chance: these fish are sedentary and prefer to lead a secretive lifestyle. They eat everything from mosquito larvae to small fish, including their own fry.
The presence of a pike in the pond or perch gives you the opportunity to see more and Rotana, and the predators. Fish actively moving, trying to stay in open spaces: indeed, for any cover they can watch for danger.
Veriplace and bleak, too, can successfully live in the garden pond, and, as Rotana, is without water circulation. They always kept large flocks at the water surface, arrange in a ring around thrown into the water crust of bread and very cleverly caught mosquitoes and their larvae. This is the main advantage of small fishes.
Fishing to fish from the shore of a private pond, then welcome back carp . carp and tench . But remember, they lead a secretive lifestyle and love to dig in the soil, raising turbidity and digging plants.
So if space allows, it is better to have a silver carp and grass carp . These fish blooming green cleanse the water filter is not worse, therefore they are also called orderlies ponds. In addition, they like to eat plants with soft greens (duckweed, Elodea, canadian, etc.), and carp generally eats everything from nymphs to cattail. To see these fish rarely – only in the early morning they bask in shallow waters, the rest of the time prefer hiding under driftwood or in a kelp forest. Keep in mind that big fish – carps, silver carps, grass carps, etc. – need to feed regularly. But inevitably the remaining pieces of food quickly spoil the water, especially if the pond is stagnant and has no treatment system.
Yahzee . on the contrary, kept readily on the surface of the water, hunting for her fall on the insects. In a large pond these fish may reach a weight of 3-5 kilograms. Juveniles feed on not only live food but also plants, so plants in the pond should be quite a lot. Yahzee not digging the soil, making them one of the most “friendly” fish in the garden pond.
The most spectacular fish for a garden pond ornamental Japanese koi . They are slow, often swim near the surface of the water, not afraid of people. But like other carps, I like to dig in the soil, raising the turbidity. Therefore the pond requires a constant filtration and aeration of water. In addition, when the temperature of shallow ponds, koi need to be relocated in aquariums. Only fish grown in open ponds, can survive the winter in your pond if it’s deep (not less than 2 meters) and the water is aerated.
Ornamental varieties of carp (goldfish, shubunkin, comets, etc.) is also not shy, keep a flock and quickly get used to people. But in the pond they inhabit is only for the summer, autumn in moving aquariums. Among ornamental carp spend the winter in the pond (if it has sufficient depth) can only comets that grew in the pond.
Lovers of exotic can recommend to make sturgeon . the sterlet, sturgeon and their hybrid forms can also live in garden ponds. In shallow waters you can observe them, and in a deep and large they will grow quickly. However, in addition to the algae they will have to give special feed and water to filter and aerate.
However, whoever you are settled into your pond, be prepared for the fact that some fish may die in the first days because of sudden change in your water quality and possible errors. So not worth it, not having the expertise to immediately populate the pond with expensive fish species.