The enemies of the perch a lot, and if it is almost everywhere in large numbers, it is only because of its simplicity and strong reproduction. All the predators – catfish, pike, pikeperch, burbot – not disdain them, sometimes catfish and pike almost prefer this to other fish; large perch eat small. Water birds and osprey also catch a lot of perch. The eggs it consumed other fish, especially char (in the North and stickleback) and water birds often die from calm, as mentioned above, or, alternatively, strong winds, some throw it on the shore. Perch often becomes a victim of his own greed: it happens that caught the fish praskolesy in the side Gill slit, which was getting worse, and dies together with the predator; sometimes also that bass is attacking stickleback and she is mortally wounded by his erect dorsal spines. Quite often he is exposed to the attack of parasites, especially in stagnant waters: in the guts he has often found a tape worm, and in the mouth he lives a special kind of parasitic crustacean, the so-called Oconee. In ponds and lakes, though not all, a huge amount of bass dies in winter from lack of air. The so-called spirit – spirane harmful gases acts on them before for pike, perch and roach, i.e., they snoot before these fish.
For this last exception, the majority of bass die, becoming food for humans.But, despite their large numbers, they do not have such commercial value as, for example, greater numbers of herring and Caspian roach and more valuable, and large bream, carp and perch; in the selling trade he is only salted or in frozen form and mostly used for local consumption. Only perch Northern and North-Eastern (TRANS-Ural) lakes, in which they comprise almost the main population, have a wider distribution and are carried for hundreds of miles. Perch are caught in the spring during spawning – in faces, vertices, part in the so-called kotze (see below), in the fall, and often winter on the mills, the net. It’s a pretty stupid fish, and at the sight of the approaching web, it first backs up and then goes to motu, almost never jumping over a net and not going in the pits. Perch in cages was quiet and almost never from them not popping up, like the pike, some of the tench and burbot. Perch and pike are almost the only fish that are produced almost everywhere in a greater number of anglers than these, the fishermen.
The fly perches – the easiest and tempting in its dobaczewski, and because fans of this fishing very much, especially between beginners and inexperienced anglers. Perch more or less greedily takes most of the year, except mid winter, though not always; its bite is very loyal, and he rarely breaks down and b. h the fault of the angler. Perch bite boldly, immediately grabs the nozzle with his big mouth and drags her, swallowing on the go. Fine, however, sometimes catches her if she’s big or if it is full. The nozzle is commonly or earthworm or small fish, rarely lenuci cancer, cervical cancer and small river of the same crustaceans (mainly in summer), even more rarely, sometimes, so-called gammarus (winter). In addition, in the fall and winter to catch large numbers of bass on artificial metal fish trolling. Other baits, such as eels (larva of the may beetle), bloodworm (red water green larva of a mosquito), other insect larvae and especially the insects, are used rarely, on bread and grain bass never takes.
Bait and bait for perch is needed very rarely, only in summer, during bad bite, and then they do little to reach the goal. Lure are most likely to be worms, slugs, or less (on current) of raw bones and meat scraps. Abroad (in England) used a very ingenious method of attracting the bass to the desired location, namely: down there a big broad-shouldered bottle or jar of white glass with small fish, pre-tied hole some very rare matter. Some German authors essays about angling fish believe that camphor, camphor oil and some other fragrant substances to attract perch in a known place, and it may well be that they are right, because there is no doubt that all fishes, when priiskovyy production are governed mainly by smell, then by touch and sight. Best bait composition for perch Germans consider a ointment made from camphor, goose fat and fat. Rendered from herons (grey), which, of course, has special attraction for all the fish, as well as camphor with honey. These compositions are placed for a fixed time (at night) worms, crayfish, frog legs, etc. and then throw it as bait or bait. You may also be caught on worms, smeared with honey, especially in the winter. To attract perch in cages, and similar gear are highly recommended fried goat liver, which is suspended in demise in a bubble (calf), pre-lubricated camphor oil. Very good lure for perch and other predatory fish, is also (Rulau) bull blood in the bladder, in which is pierced a small hole; bubble, of course, is lowered into the water with the stone.
In particularly strong and thick leskakh there is no need, and quite enough of a scaffold in 6 and not more than 9 hair or silk, thinner than ordinary pins. Only when fishing on imitation fish, trolling and track when even more likely, that instead will take perch pike needed a thicker line, sometimes even a string, even with an excuse from thin to eat. Hooks, single, medium size (from N 1 to N 4), the PWG called or directly to the line, or on leads of T. N., bovolone hair (streak, sea hair) or thin Baska. Double, especially triple hooks-anchor are used relatively rarely, but sometimes very useful (with good Kleve) to impose on the so-called motelny leash hook with a long shank, which may not be deeply swallowed.