Today is the international Black sea day. A few Crimeans know that the sea in which they so love to swim, listening to the sound of waves, breathe the sea breeze, in many ways unique. We offer you a selection of interesting facts about the Black sea.
1 – Mountains around the Black sea are constantly rising, and the sea itself increases. And if the mountains grow only a few inches per century, sea occurs on land with a speed of 20-25 cm over 100 years. Some ancient cities had already disappeared at the bottom of the sea.
2 – Among planktonic algae found in the Black sea, there is a very unusual view nochesvetka. She has the ability to Postretirement, and because of it in August, the Black sea is sometimes lit.
3 – the Only mass shark inhabiting the Black sea prickly shark Katran. He is afraid of people and rarely comes to shore. The only danger to humans represent the dorsal fins of crambe with large poisonous spikes. Continue reading
Pond fish farming is the breeding of commercial fish in specially adapted or constructed for this purpose reservoirs. Farms can be full (full system) or incomplete (napolnitelem). In full system retailing the fish grow from egg stage to marketable, and in breeding — pedigree producers for full-cycle hatcheries and commercial farms.
Not in full-cycle farms planting material is grown marketable fish. They are of two types. The widest form of fish farming is feeding the carp fish farm . Spring here are imported from hatcheries to fingerling of carp weighing up to 30 grams, put them in the fattening ponds,in the fall catch of marketable fish with an average weight of from 500 to 800 grams. To grow fish in feeding the economy easy and accessible to everyone farming.
Fish farming in ponds
Carp is a widespread inhabitant of warm-water ponds. For several hundred years, farmers brought from the wild carp are some of the cultural breeds of carp that have fast growth rate and high fecundity. Widely known scaly, mirror, naked and ramcity carp, but most are bred the first two. Continue reading
Every year commercial fish species is becoming less. Scientists warn that may soon Ukrainians can not take grandkids fishing — will catch nothing.
“Back in the thirties dried up stoked the stove”
— In recent years we have almost completely destroyed river ecosystem, — says Sergey Mezhzherin, doctor of biological Sciences, Professor Institute of Zoology. I. Schmalhausen. — In Ukraine there is a huge estuary — the sea of Azov, which was considered the most cost-effective and highly productive ecosystem. Here the fish bred naturally. About how much it was in Azov sea, says a historical example: in the area due to the lack of firewood up to the thirties of last century the house was heated by dried specimens, casting them into the furnace instead of logs. Now it seems incredible, however, the number of freshwater fish in the country (even compared to the seventies of the past century) has decreased at least thirty times. Peregorazhivanie dams of the Dnieper, Kuban, don, led to a sharp saloneni water. Now we can confidently talk about a real environmental disaster and in fact of mass death of fish in the rivers of our country.
“Every year in Ukraine disappear two rivers”
Another reason for the lack of fish in Ukraine: loss of grasslands and floodplains — the most scarce of the environment and natural resources in our territory. In addition, in recent years disappear… the river. For example, on the Kiev — Odessa highway signs with the names of small waterways exist, but they are not. They are either overgrown with weeds or completely gone underground. Continue reading