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Viviparous fish

Viviparous fish are among the most popular aquarium fish species. Earned its popularity because of the ease of breeding in aquariums, even without any special conditions. Main popular representatives of the species: guppies, swordtails, and platys mollienesia. Due to the ease of breeding, viviparous fish have been widely disseminated among breeders. They are called viviparous, because they don’t spawn and immediately throw the fry, they develop the female in the abdomen after fertilization by the male of the female. Other viviparous fish kept in aquariums more often. They are less popular because of the modest color or bad habits — excessive aggressiveness or jednosti.

Sex differences viviparous:

Anal fin of females have fan-shaped. Anal fin of the male has the appearance of a twig (gonopodium) and can rotate in all directions.

Mosquitofish. A male and female.

Conditions viviparous fish:

Almost all types of viviparous fish will be suitable tank volume 100 litres, planted with aquatic plants. Some viviparus, for example mollienesia, doing a good job with small growths of algae on the plants, thereby helping us in cleaning and maintaining an aquarium. But there are those types of viviparous fish that don’t mind to eat some plants, especially tender leaves. Continue reading

How to breed fish in ponds

Pond fish farming is the breeding of commercial fish in specially adapted or constructed for this purpose reservoirs. Farms can be full (full system) or incomplete (napolnitelem). In full system retailing the fish grow from egg stage to marketable, and in breeding — pedigree producers for full-cycle hatcheries and commercial farms.

Not in full-cycle farms planting material is grown marketable fish. They are of two types. The widest form of fish farming is feeding the carp fish farm . Spring here are imported from hatcheries to fingerling of carp weighing up to 30 grams, put them in the fattening ponds,in the fall catch of marketable fish with an average weight of from 500 to 800 grams. To grow fish in feeding the economy easy and accessible to everyone farming.

Fish farming in ponds

Carp is a widespread inhabitant of warm-water ponds. For several hundred years, farmers brought from the wild carp are some of the cultural breeds of carp that have fast growth rate and high fecundity. Widely known scaly, mirror, naked and ramcity carp, but most are bred the first two. Continue reading

TROPICAL FISH AS A MIRROR OF GLOBAL WARMING

In the far Eastern marine reserve, founded by the Institute of marine biology Feb RAS in 1978 in Peter the Great Bay, met on several occasions fish-aliens from the tropics, but especially frequent were such meetings in recent years.

In August 2001, in the Bay West of the island of furugelma members of the research group during diving excursions met on a sandy shoal flock of small, very mobile fish. After a few days of feeding fish are used to treat and allowed himself to be photographed. It was North of the dog-fish (fugu) Blowfish from the family. They live in the coastal zone; reach a length of 50 cm Due to the special musculature of the pectoral fins of a puffer fish can move not only forward but also backward. Jaw teeth Fugue fused with each other and form in each jaw a pair of inserts separated from the front, it allows them to eat well attached to the substrate organisms-obratitesj. In case of danger fish filled with water or air saccular outgrowths of the stomach and swell, taking a spherical shape. Puffer fish are often toxic in their bodies contain dangerous poison – tetrodoxin. However, purified from the skin and peritoneum and properly cooked meat of these fish is used for food in many countries of South-East Asia, where the dish “fugu” is a delicacy.

Letom here have been found in shallow water Chinese yellowtail, amberjack or big. Seriola are large predators, reaching lengths of over 1 m; live on the continental shelf and form a small but dense aggregations in the water column. Seriali hunt groups for small fish (anchovy, sardine, mackerel), moving quickly from one area to another. In South-East Asia, the juveniles of the amberjack specially podesheveyut networks in obstructed areas of the sea, because the taste of the meat of these fish are highly valued. In the waters of the Gulf of Peter the Great met earlier yellowtail two other species, Golden and yellowtail. Continue reading

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TROPICAL FISH AS A MIRROR OF GLOBAL WARMING
In the far Eastern marine reserve, founded by the Institute of marine biology Feb RAS in 1978 in Peter the Great Bay, met on several occasions fish-aliens from the tropics,…

Continue reading →