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Golden pond fish

Fish farming, practiced in Ancient Egypt, as evidenced by the sources dated about 2000 BC, over four thousand years ago. In Mesopotamia, in temples the priests kept the fish in ponds. Fish were kept in ponds in ancient Rome and Greece.

But only in China began to engage in purposeful breeding of different breeds of fish, which we know under the name goldfish.

To the right is a detail of a mural in Egyptian tomb, which depicts a pond with fish

Goldfish is the usual subspecies of the goldfish ( Carassius auratus ). It is assumed that the subspecies living in China, was separated from the rest of toothcarps formed millions of years ago mountains. This subspecies, which is West of the Himalayas is not found, when it was developed ornamental goldfish.

Left – map showing the distribution of toothcarps ( Cypridontae ), to which the goldfish belongs, and the primary habitat of a goldfish. In the wild this fish niceley rivers, lakes, ponds and all dents filled with water. Carp undemanding and can live in flowing and stagnant water. In nature, fish may have different color variations, depending on ambient conditions. The most important of these conditions is light. Continue reading

Our unique Black sea

Our city Odessa is located on the best sea in the world. There are living animals that can’t cause great harm, it’s just not natural cataclysms.

Lovingly the black sea washes the shores of Russia, Ukraine, Romania, Bulgaria, Turkey and Georgia. It is connected with other seas through the Bosphorus and Dardanelles and the sea of Azov – Kerch Strait.

Our sea is not too big (in the world), but that is not the last place. With a total area of 422 000 km from North to South the sea stretches for 580 km and from East to West 1150 km, the biggest depth – 2210 m, the average – 1240 m.

The length of the coast around the Black sea – 3400 km Into the sea fall into 3 major rivers: the Danube, Dniester, Dnieper.

Known than the Black sea?

First, one of its exclusive feature is the total absence of life at depths greater than 150-200 m (although there are a few anaerobic bacteria), due to the fact that at this depth the water is saturated with hydrogen sulphide. Continue reading

Viviparous fish

Viviparous fish are among the most popular aquarium fish species. Earned its popularity because of the ease of breeding in aquariums, even without any special conditions. Main popular representatives of the species: guppies, swordtails, and platys mollienesia. Due to the ease of breeding, viviparous fish have been widely disseminated among breeders. They are called viviparous, because they don’t spawn and immediately throw the fry, they develop the female in the abdomen after fertilization by the male of the female. Other viviparous fish kept in aquariums more often. They are less popular because of the modest color or bad habits — excessive aggressiveness or jednosti.

Sex differences viviparous:

Anal fin of females have fan-shaped. Anal fin of the male has the appearance of a twig (gonopodium) and can rotate in all directions.

Mosquitofish. A male and female.

Conditions viviparous fish:

Almost all types of viviparous fish will be suitable tank volume 100 litres, planted with aquatic plants. Some viviparus, for example mollienesia, doing a good job with small growths of algae on the plants, thereby helping us in cleaning and maintaining an aquarium. But there are those types of viviparous fish that don’t mind to eat some plants, especially tender leaves. Continue reading

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