Viviparous fish are among the most popular aquarium fish species. Earned its popularity because of the ease of breeding in aquariums, even without any special conditions. Main popular representatives of the species: guppies, swordtails, and platys mollienesia. Due to the ease of breeding, viviparous fish have been widely disseminated among breeders. They are called viviparous, because they don’t spawn and immediately throw the fry, they develop the female in the abdomen after fertilization by the male of the female. Other viviparous fish kept in aquariums more often. They are less popular because of the modest color or bad habits — excessive aggressiveness or jednosti.
Sex differences viviparous:
Anal fin of females have fan-shaped. Anal fin of the male has the appearance of a twig (gonopodium) and can rotate in all directions.
Mosquitofish. A male and female.
Conditions viviparous fish:
Almost all types of viviparous fish will be suitable tank volume 100 litres, planted with aquatic plants. Some viviparus, for example mollienesia, doing a good job with small growths of algae on the plants, thereby helping us in cleaning and maintaining an aquarium. But there are those types of viviparous fish that don’t mind to eat some plants, especially tender leaves. Continue reading
Pond fish farming is the breeding of commercial fish in specially adapted or constructed for this purpose reservoirs. Farms can be full (full system) or incomplete (napolnitelem). In full system retailing the fish grow from egg stage to marketable, and in breeding — pedigree producers for full-cycle hatcheries and commercial farms.
Not in full-cycle farms planting material is grown marketable fish. They are of two types. The widest form of fish farming is feeding the carp fish farm . Spring here are imported from hatcheries to fingerling of carp weighing up to 30 grams, put them in the fattening ponds,in the fall catch of marketable fish with an average weight of from 500 to 800 grams. To grow fish in feeding the economy easy and accessible to everyone farming.
Fish farming in ponds
Carp is a widespread inhabitant of warm-water ponds. For several hundred years, farmers brought from the wild carp are some of the cultural breeds of carp that have fast growth rate and high fecundity. Widely known scaly, mirror, naked and ramcity carp, but most are bred the first two. Continue reading
Every year commercial fish species is becoming less. Scientists warn that may soon Ukrainians can not take grandkids fishing — will catch nothing.
“Back in the thirties dried up stoked the stove”
— In recent years we have almost completely destroyed river ecosystem, — says Sergey Mezhzherin, doctor of biological Sciences, Professor Institute of Zoology. I. Schmalhausen. — In Ukraine there is a huge estuary — the sea of Azov, which was considered the most cost-effective and highly productive ecosystem. Here the fish bred naturally. About how much it was in Azov sea, says a historical example: in the area due to the lack of firewood up to the thirties of last century the house was heated by dried specimens, casting them into the furnace instead of logs. Now it seems incredible, however, the number of freshwater fish in the country (even compared to the seventies of the past century) has decreased at least thirty times. Peregorazhivanie dams of the Dnieper, Kuban, don, led to a sharp saloneni water. Now we can confidently talk about a real environmental disaster and in fact of mass death of fish in the rivers of our country.
“Every year in Ukraine disappear two rivers”
Another reason for the lack of fish in Ukraine: loss of grasslands and floodplains — the most scarce of the environment and natural resources in our territory. In addition, in recent years disappear… the river. For example, on the Kiev — Odessa highway signs with the names of small waterways exist, but they are not. They are either overgrown with weeds or completely gone underground. Continue reading