Fish – trout
In different areas of Russia called the speckled hen, petrohol, spectracom.
It’s a nickname very well, because the body of the trout decorated with red, black and white speckled. Color and brightness depend on water and soil, food and even the time of year; during spawning, the colour is more saturated.
Speak for themselves names such as Rudd (this fish are bright red, like the feathers, fins), Chub (it has a thick head with a wide and flat forehead). But the Beluga, the largest (up to 4 m) commercial fish of the sturgeon family, it got its name by the color of the belly. In the Russian language as the name of a fish, the word Beluga is already known in the XVI–XVII centuries In the same “Story about the Ruff Ershovite” the Beluga is the name of one of the judges. (The phrase “roars like a Beluga” refers not to the fish, and the Beluga whale to the Dolphin.)
Freshwater fishes live in the internal waters, almost not containing salts. The figures on the left depict some commercial fish that live in streams, ponds, lakes and rivers.
Marine fish live almost exclusively in salt water of seas and oceans or in salted water along the coast or in estuaries. In the picture to the right shows some commercial fish.
Suppose that char so called because it helobiae naked or covered with small scales. The habit of lying on the sandy bottom got its name gudgeon.
And the name bream is derived from the behavior of males during spawning in late spring or early summer in shallow and relatively warm waters. Bream jump out of the water and fall flat on my face with a loud splash. In V. I. dal’s dictionary States that the meaning of verbs lasorsa — plop, lasati — crack, splash. From these words formed the name of fish — bream. The same origin of the expression “to give bream”, is to give a slap, kick in the face. In Russian, the word bream has existed since the XV century.
It is known from the XII century in Russia the word sturgeon (sturgeon), from the XVI century — oetry. Sturgeon noun, meaning “sturgeon meat” came into our language in the seventeenth century, apparently, the word sturgeon comes from Germanic languages (der Stör — sturgeon) and sterlet (der Störling — little sturgeon). In Germany, as in mockery called recruits, as we have Baltic herring.
The word starlet spread in the Russian language of the XV century.
We can not say about the pike is the character of many Russian fairy tales. In the Russian language this word is known since the XV century and as the name of a fish, and as his nickname. Its origin is not entirely clear. Perhaps it goes back to the German group languages: scheuchen — to frighten, scare, die Scheuche — the Scarecrow, Scarecrow.
As for the name cod, it can be associated with the ancient meaning of the word cod: sliver, wood chips. According to Dahl, cod got its name “because in the drying sheetsa as a tree.” In the Comedy N. In. Gogol’s “the Inspector General” next day at Breakfast labardan. This obsolete word means salted and dried cod without bones, and it has come to us from the Dutch (lab-berda’an — salt-cod) in the beginning of XVIII century
FISH ON YOUR TABLE
People since ancient times have used the fish as food. In some countries, especially Mediterranean, in Japan and China, until now the fish is practically the only source of animal protein in the diet of their inhabitants. In the Atlantic, the Arctic and in the Pacific our anglers caught mostly herring, cod, Pollock, sea bass, haddock and flatfishes.
Cod is a fairly large predatory fish. Known instances of length 180 cm and weighing 95 kg, but usually catch smaller fish. Cod is very similar to haddock, but it cannot be longer than 80 cm To the family of cod and Pollock, which reaches 1 m in length.
Very tasty meat sea bass, brightly painted in red and Golden color fish that grows slowly and red to grows to 50 cm are Caught in the Arctic ocean.
In many countries, a valued fish of flatfish — plaice, halibut, turbot inhabiting the coastal waters and river flounder coconut.
Everyone loves dishes made of carp, trout, pike, inhabitants of fresh waters.
In Russia caught a lot of carp, and in Western Europe it is cultivated of the cultured species — carp. In our waters the carp cold, and check them rarely. But well acclimatized larvae and juveniles of bream, pike, Zander, ASP, eel.
Everyone has heard about the salmon — the salmon and the trout.
It is a marine fish, running for spawning in rivers. They are called bushings. And some juvenile trout slides for feeding in the sea. Many of her generation live their lives in fresh water. As a result in a specific water body a “living form”. This is trout, which is brook and brown.
Favorite prey for anglers — pike need the reservoirs with constant water level. This wonderful fish like to breed in France, where it inhabited by half of all fish ponds.
There are many other tasty freshwater fish. This sturgeon, and catfish, and roach, and perch, and rockfish, walking on the famous Russian fish soup, carp that are good in sour cream, and silver carps, and the Siberian sea trout and grayling, and Arctic Cisco, foraging in the lake, and the sturgeon fish is the Kaluga in the Amur… their mere enumeration would occupy too much space.
THE INHABITANTS OF THE SEA DEPTHS
Is there any truth in the stories about sea monsters?
Known since ancient times stories about the monsters that supposedly live in the deep sea.
Scientists have always regarded them as fairy tales and fables, but in the end they had not only the desire but also the ability to go down to the bottom and check the veracity of these stories.
It turned out that at the great depths in the darkness of the fish. The giant octopus or squid, can swallow a ship floating on it humans and rats, was not detected. In the upper and middle layers of the ocean teeming with life, as there is an abundance of food, and deep-sea animals are “sitting” on a strict diet. Phytoplankton is at the bottom because there is no, light, zooplankton is also very little. Consequently, at greater depths there is the two most important parts of the food chain — phytoplankton and zooplankton, and fish are forced to devour each other.