“Fish farm” in your own garden
Who of us at least once in your life nalyubovatsya the beauty of the water surface at sunset or sunrise? Water attracts, fascinates. But not everyone can boast of a nearby lake, river or even a sleepy pond. In this case, the only way to enjoy the contemplation of the water world — to build on the site of the fish pond.
There are several types of artificial water bodies:
“live” or “fish” ponds
The most diverse decorative ponds. They may have different sizes and shapes. For decorating ponds of this type use stones, small architectural forms, arrange fountains and flower beds.
Functional pools extremely practical. They can be used for swimming, ensuring the safety of the country house or to carry any other function. When the device of the ponds of this type the focus is not aesthetic issues, and convenience of use.
Sometimes to functional pools and include “live” water bodies. However, this is not always justified. Combining the features of a decorative and “working” pools, fish ponds differ substantially from the types listed above. The creation of “living” water bodies requires an understanding of the development of natural ecosystems and of the rules of breeding vodenicharska. However, the complexity in the organization of “living” pools don’t have to stop because a bevy of sparkling fish much more picturesque frozen pond.
How to create a fish pond?
In the initial stages of the organization of a “living” pond need to think carefully about its structure and settlement. From which fish you would like to see on the site, savietojams future reservoir, the type of materials used, as well as its location and the plant community.
Not least whether to winter your fish. If you don’t plan to keep the inhabitants of the pond indoors in the cold period, it is necessary to arrange in the fish pond wintering holes. For different regions their depth may vary, however, if the fish pond will be located on the North-West of Russia, this rate should be about 180 cm.
Fish pond should be well publicized (but not be subjected to overheating on Sunny summer days), to be of a sufficient depth and be located away from trees and bushes. To remove it from the meltwater pond shall be provided with a special drain — pipe, located just above the water’s edge and outside the area.
If you have already decided where and how will be arranged for your fish pond, it’s time to choose materials. The most popular ponds dug manually or with the help of special equipment. To strengthen them and isolation of the soil using different tapes (butyl rubber, PVC), concrete, or liquid rubber. For reservoirs of small depth (1 m) in commercially available ready polymeric form, perfect for summer maintenance of ornamental fish, for example koi. Also, can be used and natural cover the bottom of the reservoir: pebbles, sand, gravel.
At the next stage are the elements of decor (fountains, rocks, funny figures) and is filled with water, and a little later (in 2-3 days) planted aquatic plants.
Fish is desirable to run for a second season after the created pond with fish — to this point, ecological balance, and in the pond will be enough food for future inhabitants.
Of course, the fish can settle down in a brand new pool and after a month and a half after its creation. However, the first time the reservoir will be poor in vegetable and animal food, and its inhabitants will have to feed. While avoiding overfeeding — at decomposition of organic substances in water form methane, hydrogen sulfide and other poisonous gases.
It is especially important to keep this point in mind when organizing wintering fish. In order to avoid rotting of organic matter, the fish pond before the onset of cold weather definitely need to clean it from plants and organic residues. In addition, in winter the fish are practically not powered, and therefore feed is not necessary. The only thing that should be done with the reservoir in winter is to monitor the formation of ice and periodically the wells to ensure normal ventilation.That way you can provide your Pets safe all winter.
The inhabitants of the waters
The choice of the object for cultivation depends on your goals, opportunities and climatic characteristics of this region. Good results for settlement of artificial lakes offers a natural approach. It is sufficient to ask what fish live in your area and use them to populate a fish pond. In areas with a relatively mild climate in “living” water you can use ornamental fish (koi, goldfish, etc.).
Fingerlings for stocking are best to purchase in special fisheries and in any case not catch them from natural waters. The nearest river, pond or lake can be rich not only fish, but also organisms that cause the infection.
The most popular inhabitants of the Northern regions are:
Also, in ponds grow pike, bleak, tench, Golden Orpah, koi and other fish.