Dangerous fish and jellyfish of the Black sea
The black sea resorts of Crimea, Caucasus, Bulgaria, Romania – the most popular in summer and autumn seasons. We will talk about what dangerous marine animals can meet vacationers.
In the Black sea is home to two species of anemone (or sea anemone). This coelenterates animals, on the tentacles which have stinging cells that emit a strong poison. However, they cannot penetrate human skin, so in contact with Actinia he feels a slight burning.
To coelenterates animals are treated and all known jellyfish. The largest jellyfish – eared (Aurelia, or the sea saucer) and kornerot.
Aurelia is easily distinguished from Camerota on telcobridges body shape. These jellyfish are harmless enough, and the consequence of meeting with them is a slight reddening of the mucous membranes of the mouth and eyes.
Kornerot has a mushroom shape, from under a round dome with a diameter of up to half hangs a crown of tentacles. Stinging cells are located at comerota only on the tentacles, on the dome they are not. So IF YOU MET WITH SUCH a JELLYFISH WHILE BATHING, CALMLY TAKE HER HAND to the TOP of the DOME AND TAKE AWAY FROM HIMSELF, TRYING TO keep the TENTACLES have NOT TOUCHED YOUR BODY.
When neostorozhnosti with tentacles comerota thousands of stinging threads, invisible to the eye, injected into the human skin the poison that causes different people have different reactions, from burning to blistering, as in the case of burn. To the burn it is necessary to impose a dry sterile bandage and be sure to consult a doctor. Cases of severe poisoning with poison of kornerot very rare.
Sometimes on the beaches you can see how some fans of self-medication are rubbed with the jellyfish in the hope to get rid of rheumatism, sciatica, neuralgia. Such “treatment” is unacceptable, it can lead to unpredictable consequences, because the venom of jellyfish remain poorly understood.
Recently, hazardous marine animals Black sea faced mainly fishermen and careless bathers. Now there is a lot of sportsmen-divers and underwater hunters. Yes and vacationers, renting a mask, fins and snorkel, often go to scuba diving. Many of them are eager to catch all life that gets in the eyes, not thinking about the possible consequences.
And some fish are very thoroughly armed. So, sea Fox tail bone sharp-lined plaques, and looks, like a saw. Sea cat (rays) spike at the base of the tail is provided with two poisonous glands that produce poison, acting on the cardiovascular system. These two fish, reaching sizes of over a meter and leading benthic lifestyle, tend to bury themselves in the sand or pebbles at shallow depths near the shore, especially in calm weather. They can be found on dug the ground in shallow water.
Careless bather can step on them and get a prick of a thorn of the rays or tail shock-saw the sea foxes. AFTER THE STING OF THE THORN SEA CAT YOU SHOULD IMMEDIATELY GET OUT OF THE WATER, TRY TO SUCK OUT THE POISON, THEN SPITTING OUT, AND TO CLEAN THE WOUND. In the place where the injury appears severe pain, swollen tissues. Cases of fatal poisoning are extremely rare. However, the victim must seek medical attention.
Sea Fox tail-saw gets a cut wound, with the possible infection. THE WOUND EDGES SHOULD BE LUBRICATED WITH TINCTURE OF IODINE OR BRILLIANT GREEN, APPLY A STERILE DRESSING AS SOON AS POSSIBLE DELIVER THE VICTIM IN MEDICAL INSTITUTION.
Weeverfish is the most dangerous fish in the European seas . The injection of poisonous spines of its first dorsal fin is causing increasing acute pain, peaking after half an hour. The injection site reddens and swells, possibly tissue death. There is a headache, sweating, fever, pain in the heart region, breathing is impaired. In case of severe poisoning may occur paralysis of the limbs, loss of speech, respiratory arrest and death. YOU SHOULD SUCK THE VENOM OUT, SPITTING IT, WASH IT WITH A SOLUTION OF POTASSIUM PERMANGANATE, AND IF NOT ON HAND, JUST WARM WATER. The victim must be transported immediately to the clinic.
On the Black sea are very likely to see sea and with a bristle brush. The rays of the dorsal fin and Gill covers of this fish have poisonous glands, the poison has mainly local effects. Rare sea ruff on the stony ground, usually in thickets of seaweed, it is easy to catch with a fishing rod on the shore. The fish are almost not afraid of man, and underwater swimmers often pay for that shot of the fin rays sea perch . The victim appears sharp pain, fever, injection site swells, sometimes it is an abscess. To avoid this, it is NECESSARY to SUCK the VENOM OUT, SPITTING IT. AND THEN SEEK MEDICAL ASSISTANCE.
In conclusion, the simple rules of safety when dealing with marine life:
While swimming in shallow water beware of stepping on the sand, where he dug, loosened – there can hide a poisonous fish.
Dive with aqualung, hands are along the way of fish.
Do not remove the fish who has buried in the wet sand near the shore: among them can be poisonous.
Remove any sea fish caught with the hook pre-stunned her.
Do not disassemble the catch obtained by the network or other gear, bare hands. Use the gloves.