Danger while bathing in the sea.
Marine life can spoil the holiday for any vacationer. To avoid this, stick to certain rules.
Experts of the tourist market suggest that you, first of all, to learn from sending you company, is not expected any invasion, for example, jellyfish. You can find this out themselves, for example, in mass media periodically there are such messages.
So, the Italians in the midst of the bathing season predict an invasion of jellyfish and toxic algae. In the Maldives need to avoid encounters with electric ramp. In Israel and the UAE need to be wary of pink jellyfish on Cuba – blue, Tunisia – black. In Egypt you may suffer from jellyfish physalia, and the storm of Croatia bears the name Pelagije nocticulice and is often found near Pools and in the Limski canal.
To fight dangerous flora and fauna formed squads of rescuers. They monitor the cleanliness of the water and in the case of a threat to warn tourists about the dangers as well as clean the waters from poisonous animals and plants.
You will be confronted with this scourge during his vacation or not is unknown. In any case, the enemy must know in person. So, the risk for you can imagine jellyfish, fish, seaweed, shellfish, sea urchins and star corals.
The danger to human are electric rays, a shot which is deadly. Typically the stingrays swam to the shore and bury themselves in the sand,putting out only his tail with a poisonous sting. On the sand it can be mistaken for a small stone and, not knowing to occur.
Beware and tropical fish, they come in different color: yellow, white, red. These beauties exude poison all parts of the body. There are many poisonous fish in the Red sea. Their bite you can be saved only by timely medical aid.
Toxic algae that emit hazardous to human health substances, are the reason for the closure of beaches around the world. Particularly dangerous cause suffocation “cotton” algae (Ostreopsis ovata), which is in the Mediterranean sea by Japanese in 1982. In the case of infection that is accompanied by fever and problems breathing, seek immediate medical attention.
On holiday sidestep the small blue-ringed octopuses. They live in shallow waters in the Indian ocean. A shot of this octopus causes paralysis of the muscles, which can lead to death. So from that animal need to stay away. If you are still bitten, call a doctor and ask someone around (if I felt that I was losing consciousness) to do artificial respiration and indirect heart massage.
Coral reef adventure seekers wait no less dangerous, but very beautiful clams-cones. Its only a thin cone tooth can bite you. The pain is unbearable and toxins entering the bloodstream, first cause all the symptoms of poisoning, and in the absence of skilled assistance can lead to death by suffocation. If you could not resist, touched this poisonous mollusc, and he, in retaliation, you bite, immediately apply a tight bandage to the affected part of the body and do not move her before the arrival of the doctor. Usually, bites of poisonous animals self-medication is ineffective.
Jellyfish annually spoil the bathing season millions of tourists. As a rule, they are nailed to the shore after the storm, and in Asian countries during the rainy season.
In Tunisia, avoid contact with the black jellyfish, which is one of the most dangerous. While vacationing in the Canary Islands, fear of the Portuguese ship – jellyfish with a red crest and multicolored bubble-sail. Jellyfish that are found in the waters of the Black sea, – the most harmless.
In any case, touch the tentacles of jellyfish can cause painful burns, which will be held in a few days or weeks. Remove the skin from the remnants of the tentacles and clean the wound using acetic acid or alcohol. But it is not necessary to rinse the damaged area with water – neither salt nor fresh. Sea water will revive withered stinging cells, and by contact with fresh water they will burst, profusely exuding poison.
Sea urchins and stars
Sea urchins can be found in the sand, on the rocks or in coral reefs of warm seas (for example, on the Aegean coast of Turkey, Croatia and Egypt). Unlike other representatives of poisonous fauna, the needles of most sea urchins do not contain harmful substances, but a shot of their rather painful. The greatest danger is the hedgehog, nicknamed the diadem. Its a shot fraught with painful shock and temporary paralysis.
As for starfish, most of them completely harmless, with the exception of canastera. It is also called the crown of thorns. This starfish inhabits the coral thickets and has eight rays (whereas stars are usually harmless five) with spikes on the ends. Poisonous needles cause inflammation, swelling, vomiting, and dizziness.
If the needle sea urchin or a star stuck in his leg, you need to hold the injured place in hot water and remove the needle completely. After that, do not forget to treat the wound with antiseptic and keep an eye on her, lest she began festering.
But in General tourists are recommended near coral reefs to wear special shoes, and the coastal strip to look carefully at his feet.
The venom of most reef corals toxic to humans and causes small burns and blisters on the skin. However, there is a very dangerous representatives, contact with which will lead to more sad consequences. If you still touched the coral and burned it on him, treat the affected area with food vinegar and lubricate the skin sintomitsinovoy emulsion.